Selected Works on the Circumnavigation & the Lost Harbor

Title Page: The World Encompassed

New! A Transcription of the Nova Albion passages from The World Encompassed

The World Encompassed By Sir Francis Drake, published in London in 1628, is by far the most detailed account of the circumnavigation to come from a time when at least some of those who took part in this great adventure were still alive. It is also enigmatic, and is the subject of much analysis and a source of confusion and controversy. Even the title page, reproduced above, has caused problems - at first glance it appears to state that the book was written by Sir Francis Drake. This was not the case, but there was a Sir Francis Drake - the explorer's nephew and heir to his title - involved in the production of the book. There is no author given on the title page; the "By ... Drake" refers to by whom the world was encompassed, not to who wrote about it.

In the centuries since the World Encompassed was published it has often been reprinted in part or whole, and those reprints have been extensively quoted. But accurate reprints, even of short passages, are extremely rare; this has caused all sorts of havoc among scholars who did not realize (though often they should have) that they were not working with true copies of the original. Publishers who have unwittingly put their imprint on bogus renditions of this work come from all sectors of the trade and include the University of California, the California Historical Society, Oxford University Press, the United States government, the Hakluyt Society and numerous commercial presses large and small. Scholars who have used such inaccurate renderings of the World Encompassed are also a varied lot, ranging from academic giants such as Dr. Alfred Kroeber through popular historians such as Samuel Eliot Morison to enthusiastic amateurs like John Robertson.

All of this is mentioned here because the chaos and confusion surrounding the literature of the circumnavigation as a whole - not just the World Encompassed - has enabled less than careful and sometimes less than scrupulous proponents of pet theories to make invalid claims that are difficult to challenge, and that add to the pandemonium. Unfortunately, nearly everyone who has ever written about the famous voyage has tripped and fallen somewhere along the line, sometimes in spectacular fashion. Thus anyone now wishing to understand the issues, let alone analyze them, is at great risk of being misled, regardless of what is read. The only hope is to begin anew, by reading the original material - at least the narratives of the voyage in Hakluyt and in the World Encompassed - in facsimile editions. This is not too difficult, and with true copies at hand and in mind it becomes possible to spot the delusions and deceptions of those who would have us believe that they have solved the mysteries of the circumnavigation.

This bibliography is far from complete. It includes only some of 100 or so works cited in my forthcoming book Francis Drake in Nova Albion - The Mystery Restored. The listings are not annotated, because two chapters of the book contain extensive commentary on many of these works; in the future, I may add some comments here. Most if not all of the listed material is out of print and difficult to find, even in large libraries. If you have specific needs for any of this material and can't find it, feel free to e-mail me and I will try to direct you to a source. - Oliver Seeler

Hubert H. Bancroft, History of California (San Francisco, 1884).

Hubert H. Bancroft, History of the Northwest Coast (San Francisco, 1886).

S. A. Barrett, "The Ethno-Geography of the Pomo and Neighboring Indians," American Archaeology and Ethnology (Berkeley: University of California Publications, 1908).

H. L. Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London (London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1976).

Herbert E. Bolton, et al, The Plate of Brass: Evidence of the Visit of Francis Drake to California in the Year 1579 (San Francisco: CHS, 1953).

James Burney, Chronological History of the Discoveries in the South Sea or Pacific Ocean (London, 1803).

Frederick W. Beechey, Narrative of a Voyage to the Pacific in 1825 - 1828 (London, 1831).

M. Blundevile, M. Blundeville, His Exercises containing Sixe Treatises (London, 1594).

Theodore de Bry, Americae Pars VIII, (Frankfurt, 1599).

Raymond Aker, Report of Findings Relating to Identification of Sir Francis Drake's Encampment at Point Reyes National Seashore Point Reyes, California (Drake Navigators Guild, 1970).

California Historical Quarterly, vol. XVI, Summer, 1937.

California Historical Quarterly, vol. XVIII no. 3, September, 1939.

California Historical Quarterly, vol. XXXVI, March 1957

California Historical Quarterly, vol. XLI no. 5, Sept. 1962.

California Historical Quarterly, vol. LIII no. 3, Fall, 1974.

California Historical Quarterly, Summer 1978.

W. Camden, Annales Rerum Anglicarum, et Hibernicarum, regnante Elizabetha, ad Annum Salutis MDLXXXIX (London, 1615).

Charles E. Chapman, A History of California: The Spanish Period (New York: MacMillan, 1921).

Julian S. Corbett, Drake and the Tudor Navy (London, 1898).

A. Churchill, A Collection of Voyages and Travels (London, 1704).

Daily Alta California, July 5th, 1852.

Abraham Darcie, The True and Royal History of the Famous Empress Elizabeth (London, 1625).

G. Davidson, Francis Drake on the Northwest Coast of America in the Year 1579 (San Francisco: Geographical Society of the Pacific, 1908).

John Davis, The Worldes Hydrographical Discription (London, 1595).

C.J.Earle and H.C.Fritts, Reconstructing Riverflow in the Sacramento Basin Since 1560 (Tucson: Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, 1986).

C. W. Eliot, ed., Voyages and Travels (The Harvard Classics) (New York: P. F. Collier & Son Corp., 19XX).

Lady Eliott-Drake, The Family and Heirs of Sir Francis Drake (London, 1911).

H.C. Fritts, Tree Rings and Climate (London: Academic Press, 1976).

J. F. Guilmartin, "Early modern naval ordnance and European penetration of the Caribbean: The operational dimension" in Guns From the Sea, ed. Robert D. Smith and Ruth Rynas Brown (London: Royal Armouries, 1988).

Richard Hakluyt, A particular discourse concerning the greate necessitie and manifolde comodyities that are like to growe to this Realme of Englande by the Westerne discoveries lately attempted, written in the year 1584. This remained unpublished until 1877, when it appeared in The Documentary History of the State of Maine.

Richard Hakluyt, Divers Voyages touching the discovery of America (London, 1582).

Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages and Discoveries of the English Nation (London, 1589).

Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation (London, 1600).

Edward Everett Hale, in Justin Windsor, ed. Narrative and Critical History of America (Boston, 1884).

W. H. Hanna, Lost Harbor (San Francisco, 1978).

J. D. Hart, The Plate of Brass Reexamined: A Report Issued by The Bancroft Library 1977 (Berkeley: Bancroft Library, 1977).

J. D. Hart, The Plate of Brass Reexamined: A Supplementary Report Issued by The Bancroft Library 1979 (Berkeley: Bancroft Library, 1979)

Robert F. Heizer, Elizabethan California (Ramona, California: Ballena Press, 1974).

Antonio de Herrara, Historia General del Mundo (Vallodolid, Spain, 1606).Society, 1854).

T. H. Hittell, History of California (San Francisco, 1898).

R.L.Holmes, R.K.Adams & H.C.Fritts, Tree-Ring Chronologies of Western North America: California, Eastern Oregon and Northern Great Basin ... (Tucson, 1986).

The International Atlas (Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1969).

Peter Kemp, The Campaign of the Spanish Armada (New York, 1988).

Alfred L. Kroeber, Handbook of the Indians of California (Washington, 1925).

Brian Lavery, The 74-Gun Ship Bellona (London: Conway and U.S.Naval Institute, 1985).

Thomas N. Layton, Western Pomo Prehistory: Excavations at Albion Head, Nightbirds'Retreat, and Three Chop Village, Mendocino County, California (Los Angeles: University of California, 1990).

William A. Lessa, Island of Thieves (Honolulu, 1975).

Oscar Lewis, George Davidson (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1954).

The Map Collector (London), No. 45, 1990.

Clements R. Markham, Narratives of the Voyages of Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa to the Straits of Magellan (London: Hakluyt Society, 1895).

D.B.Marshall, California Shipwrecks (Seattle, 1978).

Colin J. M. Martin, "A 16th century siege train: the battery ordnance of the 1588 Spanish Armada," in Guns From the Sea, ed. R. D. Smith & R. R. Brown (London: Royal Armouries, 1988).

A. G. McAdie, "Nova Albion - 1579," American Antiquarian Society Proceedings, 1918, vol. 28, pp. 189-198.

Mendocino Beacon, December 10, 1904.

Frederick Merk, The Oregon Question (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966).

S. A. Morison, The European Discovery of America, Volume II, The Southern Voyages A.D. 1492-1616 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1974).

National Geographic, Vol. 147, No.2 (Feb. 1975).

Aubrey V. Neasham and William E. Pritchard, Drake's California Landing: The Evidence for Bolinas Lagoon (Sacramento: Western Heritage, 1974).

The New Settler (Willits, California, 1988), No. 36.

The North Coast News (Fort Bragg, California), October 15, 1992.

Zelia Nuttall, New Light on Drake (London: Hakluyt Society, 1914).

Out West, vol. XVIII, no. 1, January, 1903.

N. M. Penzer, ed., The World Encompassed and Analogous Contemporary Documents Concerning Sir Francis Drake's Circumnavigation of the World (New York, 1926).

Don Manuel M. Peralta, Costa Rica, Nicaragua y Panama en al Siglo XVI (Madrid, 1883).

Dora B. Polk, The Island of California - A History of the Myth (Spokane: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1991).

Samuel Purchas, His Pilgrimes (London, 1625-6).

W.H.Quinn, "A preliminary Record of Southern Oscillation- Related Activity Extending about 1368 Years into the Past." This is an extended abstract dated April, 1990.

John Robertson, Francis Drake and Other Early Explorers Along the Pacific Coast (San Francisco, 1927).

Justin M. Ruhge, Gunpowder and Canvas (Goleta, 1990).

Justin H. Ruhge, Drake in Central California, 1579 (Goleta, 1990).

Sacramento Union, September 28, 1852.

San Francisco Bulletin, October 5, 1878.

Saturday Evening Post, April 3, 1943.

Valerie G. Scott (ed.), The Map Collector (London), no. 54, Spring, 1991.

Oliver Seeler, "Study of Ordnance May Help to Determine Drake's Calif. Harbor," The Artilleryman 11:2 (1990), pp. 7-11.

John Stow, The Chronicles of England ... (London, 1592).

John Sugden, Sir Francis Drake (New York, 1990).

E. G. R. Taylor, "More Light on Drake," The Mariner's Mirror, XVI, April 1930, pp. 134-51.

E. G. R. Taylor, "Francis Drake and the Pacific: Two Fragments," Pacific Historical Review, Vol. I, 1932, pp. 360-369.

R. C. Thomas, Drake at Olomp-ali (San Francisco: A-Pala Press, 1979).

Norman J. W. Thrower, ed., Sir Francis Drake and the Famous Voyage, 1577 - 1580 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984).

United States Coast Pilot, Pacific Coast (10th Edition, 1968).

George Vancouver, Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, 1790 - 1795 (London, 1798).

W. S. W. Vaux, ed., The World Encompassed by Sir Francis Drake (London: Hakluyt Society, 1856).

Henry R. Wagner, Sir Francis Drake's Voyage Around the World (San Francisco, 1926).

Helen Wallis, "The Cartography of Drake's Voyage," in Norman J. W. Thrower, ed., Sir Francis Drake and the Famous Voyage, 1577 - 1580 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984).

Helen Wallis, The Voyage of Sir Francis Drake Mapped in Silver and Gold (Berkeley: Friends of the Bancroft Library, 1974).

H. L. Wells, The History of Siskiyou County, California (1861).

G. W. O. Woodward, Reformation and Resurgence, 1485-1603 (London: 1963).

The World Encompassed (London, 1628).

Author's Note: Much of this material is adapted from my forthcoming book Francis Drake in Nova Albion - The Mystery Restored, in which these and neighboring thickets are explored much more deeply than on these few web pages. Thus there may be references here not fully explained, or answers missing their questions. Also lacking here is documentation, provided in the book by 782 endnotes. - Oliver Seeler

Nova Albion Research
Copyright 1996-2000 by Oliver Seeler
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